HISTORY ROLL BACK today: Metacom (also called King Philip), intertribal chief of the Wampanoag, was killed, ending the conflict between Native Americans and English settlers known as King Philip’s War.

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King Philip’s War, (1675–76)Bloodiest conflict between American colonists and Indians in 17th-century New England. By 1660 colonial settlers, no longer dependent on Indians for survival, had pushed into Indian territory in Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. To protect their lands, the Wampanoag chief King Philip (Metacom) organized a federation of tribes, which in 1675 destroyed several frontier settlements. In retaliation the colonial militia burned Indian villages and crops. After Philip’s death in 1676, Indian resistance collapsed. An estimated 600 settlers and 3,000 Indians were killed in the conflict.

 

历史在今天回溯:万帕诺亚格部落间首领梅塔康(又名菲利普国王)被杀,结束了被称为菲利普国王战争的美国原住民和英国定居者之间的冲突。

菲利普国王的战争(1675-1676年)是17世纪新英格兰美国殖民者和印第安人之间最血腥的冲突。到1660年,不再依赖印第安人生存的殖民定居者已经进入马萨诸塞州、康涅狄格州和罗德岛的印第安人领地。为了保护他们的土地,万帕诺亚格酋长菲利普国王(Metacom)组织了一个部落联盟,该联盟于1675年摧毁了几个边境定居点。作为报复,殖民地民兵烧毁了印度村庄和庄稼。1676年菲利普去世后,印第安人的抵抗运动崩溃。估计有600名定居者和3000名印度人在冲突中丧生。

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